The country where most of the part is covered in rural areas, this sector shows a promising potentiality of tourism development. Its importance and value cannot be ignored or minimized. It portrays the possibilities of tourism promotion, policy issues, problem faced and way forward for home stay development in. Its essential characteristics include wideopen spaces, low levels of tourism development, and opportunities. The study of rural development in this changed context has got huge response. Please visit our trade site for visit nepal 2020 notices and all trade updates. Notes on problems in tourism industry of nepal grade 10. Nepal is undergoing a historic transition toward a federal and secular republic. Rural tourism offers a lot of opportunities in economic, social and personal development of rural areas and to improve their living standards. Understand the history of tourism development in canada and british columbia. Nepal the united nations human development report 2010 included nepal in a list of 10 nations making the fastest development gains in terms of the human development index over the last 4 decades. It is landlocked, and borders china in the north and india in the south, east and west, while bangladesh is. Tourism cannot be fulfilled if we ignore the contribution of transportation.
The major issues and challenges of rural tourism need to preserve the environment an natural resources, the need of education, proper understanding for both tourists and local people, and the need to generate a democratic movement which helps people at all levels to participate in tourism development. Rural tourism in nepal savina anastasia rural tourism in. The graduates in the rural development can work in government organizations and reputed international organizations. The us government has implemented several regional and statewide development projects to increase the effectiveness of rural tourism farm activities. The hindu and buddhist heritage of nepal and its cool weather are also strong attractions. For example, targeting of assistance programs for education, access to medical services, poverty alleviation, and broadband expansion depends on the status of these services in an area. Nepal is named for the kathmandu valley, where the nations founder established a capital in the late eighteenth century. The cultural variation and the unit with heterogeneity has been an important feature of indian society. Tourism is an important foreign currency earning source of nepal.
Rural tourism in nepal dal shrestha 2 growing easily and easy earning for any kind of people. Trpap is a program designed to contribute to the poverty alleviation objective of government through demonstrating sustainable tourism development models in rural areas of nepal. Crucial role of government in management, control of illegal activities. Teaching english language and literature in nepal is of about a half a decade, starting from the mid of twentieth century. Nepals rural settings also provide a strong foundation to promote rural and\or villagebased tourism because of its unique lifestyle, unspoiled culture and tradition. Ma rural development tribhuvan university colleges nepal. People have realized the fact that the heart and soul of nepal is the rural area and without its development the development of nepal is not possible. It is the 49th largest country by population and 93rd largest country by area. For participation in travel fairssales missions and tendersquotations, please click here. Developing rural tourism business in nepal case study. Eligibility for assistance programs will depend on whether an individual is classified as living in a rural area.
It also has a role as an active agent in the development of agricultural and regional policies and the promotion of development of local communities. The primary objective of ecotourism is to protect the natural environment of the rural areas and stop the negative impact of human development. Teaching english as a foreignsecond language in nepal. Tourism in nepal, despite having a long history has really started to appear since 1950s after the end of autocratic rana regime in 1950. History history government support provided infrastructure such as roads, telecommunications and electricity, and in 1995, a village tourism program was included in the national tourism policy. Types of tourism in nepal and their prospect year 2016 pages 47 nepal is a beautiful country rich and diverse in natural and cultural resources which is in its developmental phase and is full of potentiality in tourism sector. The military of nepal is the fifth largest in south asia. It was revealed from the research that rural tourism in nepal is a new. Rural livelihood, cultural values, and tourism in nepal. Being a labor intensive service sector,it might bring the major source of employment in both the urban and rural areas and will help to. Programs kathmandu environmental education project. The tourist industry is seen as a way to alleviate poverty and achieve greater social equity in the country. Pdf the article describes about the evolution, development and management of village tourism in nepal with case study reference from sirubari village. It is not clear from the literature what impact external migration and immigration have had on urbanisation and urban growth.
Women in rural areas need education, awareness and skill training to increase their personal income and this economic input in the family helps to initiate women empowerment. Culture of nepal history, people, clothing, traditions. Jan 19, 2015 conclusion tourism in nepal faced lots of ups and downs. Nepal journals online nepjol is a service to provide online publication of nepalese journals. Kathmandu valley has served as the countrys cultural metropolis since the unification of nepal in the 18th century. Tourism is one of the potential sectors for the economic development of nepal. Nepal is a roughly rectangular country with an area. Pdf sustainable rural tourism and local communities in nepal. There is a net rural urban migration of 29 per cent and the kathmandu valley has the largest net inflow of urban migrants ibid. A perspective on rural tourism development william c. The capital city kathmandu enjoys a rich tapestry of cultures blending to form a national identity. Despite its tourism and energyproduction potential, nepal remains one of the worlds poorest countries.
The beginning of tourism in nepal can be pointed to the first ever successful ascent of the mighty mt. Skill training of any handicraft product, rising agricultural productivity can be an efficient way to increase womens income in a family. Ranas were noble family who rose in power over the contemporary shah dynasty. It is located mainly in the himalayas, but also includes parts of the indogangetic plain. With more than 80% of the nepals population living in rural areas, travelers and trekkers can homestay in villages, learning and experiencing the rich values and traditions of the local people. Tourism is one of the main income sources of nepal. Rural tourism definitions, types, forms and characteristics. Rural livelihood, cultural values, and tourism in nepal an exploration humnath bhandari jsps postdoctoral fellow jircas, tsukuba, japan jsps science dialogue program presentation. Adventure tourism is defined as the movement of the people from one to another place outside their comfort zone for exploration or travel to remote areas, exotic and possibly hostile areas.
Over the centuries nepal s boundaries have extended to include huge tracts of neighbouring india, and contracted to little more than the kathmandu valley and a handful of nearby citystates. Transportation connects the various destinations, in fact it connects the whole world. Welcome to nepal nepals official travel and tourist. According to statistics from nepal tourism board ntb, a total of 598,204 foreign tourists entered the country via aerial route in 2012.
Tourism is the largest industry in nepal and its largest source of foreign exchange and revenue. Detailed project proposal on development of tourism in the. Nepal is a rural village based country where majority of people are residing in remote, very remote villages with various ethnicities where tourists can get a. This website is hosted by ubiquity press limited, a company registered in england and wales with company number 06677886. There are coal, iron ore, magnesite, copper, cobalt, limestone, pyrite and mica. The signing of the 2010 peace treaty brought stability to nepal, and village tourism started to. Improve the skills of local residents in producing safe dairy products. Tourism has now emerged as a major contributor to the countrys economy. Some of the himalayas most iconic and accessible hiking is on offer here, with rugged trails to everest. Nepals 2015 constitution stipulates a federal commission to determine the number and borders of each village and municipal council. Feasible outcomes this project aims to create a precedent of successful tourism business e. Role of rural tourism for development of rural areas article pdf available in journal of central european agriculture 82 january 2007 with 9,634 reads how we measure reads. Nepals history dates back to the time of the gopalas and mahishapalas who are believed to have been the earliest rulers of the valley with their capital at matatirtha, the southwest corner of kathmandu valley. International labour migrants are mostly from rural areas sharma et al, 2014.
The tourist industry is seen as a way to alleviate poverty. Nepal is a rural village based country where majority of people are residing in remote, very remote villages with various ethnicities where tourists can get a real sense of the unique life style and culture. Aug 12, 2018 despite its tourism and energyproduction potential, nepal remains one of the worlds poorest countries. Nepal is best known as a backpacking and adventure destination, but several tour companies also offer homestay vacations in rural villages.
Possessing eight of the ten highest mountains in the world, nepal is a hot spot destination for mountaineers, rock climbers and people seeking adventure. Despite this, evidence points to a chronic shortage in hrh in most cadres, especially doctors, nurses, and midwives the density is 7 per 10,000. The government of nepal declared 2011 to be nepal tourism year, and hoped to attract one million foreign tourists to the country during that year. Community development can be viewed as selfhelp, approach to rural development. Nepal needs foreign currency to import many important items. Improve the skills of local residents in tourism business and marketing. Besides the benefits of rural tourism as additional. Great potential in tourism industry proper marketingpromotion needed to increase number of tourist. By residing with a nepalese family visitors learn about. Its territory extends roughly 500 miles 800 kilometres from east to west and 90 to 150 miles from north to south.
Nepal is a playground for tourists with different activities which are described briefly bellow. They were ousted by the kirantis around the 7th or 8th century b. Conclusion tourism in nepal faced lots of ups and downs. Six percent of national income is derived from tourism industry in nepal. Classify tourism into distinct industry groups using north american industry classification standards naics provide an overview of the economic, social, and environmental impacts of tourism worldwide. Bharat raj gairhe transportation development and challenges. Community development as a strategy to rural development. It influences the accessibility of tourism in a country and all over the world as well. The nepal himalaya is the ultimate goal for mountain lovers.
Nepal tourism despite having a longer history has really developed since 1950s. Agritourism education and research in nepal juniper publishers. Course is an undergraduate program in liberal arts, the sciences. Nepals tourism history and the challenges 2017 with ramdung. Developmental gaps betwe en rural and urban areas in nepal. Transportation is an integral part of the tourism industry. It is a multiethnic, multiracial, multicultural, multireligious, and multilingual country. Sep 18, 20 rural tourism offers a lot of opportunities in economic, social and personal development of rural areas and to improve their living standards. Tourism in nepal a brief history and the hippie trail.
This paper collects views from home stay tourism experts, academicians, policy makers and people from the rural areas. The survival of traditional society and culture even in the area of rapid industrialization has a unique. Nepal is also rich in natural and medical herbsfound in mountain region. Development of nepal 6 reasons why nepal is not developed.
Pdf role of rural tourism for development of rural areas. Rural tourism is also revolutionizing businesses and prompting economic development across the globe. Nepal, country of asia, lying along the southern slopes of the himalayan mountain ranges. Exact date and history of tourist coming in nepal is still unknown and area of study. The economy is heavily dependent on imports of basic materials and on foreign markets for its forest and agricultural products.
The history of nepal began in, and centres on, the kathmandu valley. This arrangement continued as long as nepal remained a kingdom. Tourism is the main source of revenue for this small country sand. The demand for destinations that offer history, culture, nature, and new experiences has compelled the tourism market to look for supplies of. Initially the majority of the tourists were americans who were of the retirement age. If marketed in an innovative way it can bring tourism benefits in the villages that are off the main trekking trails and.
Everest on 29 th may, 1953 by tenzing norgay and sir edmund hillary. Challenges, impact, mustang nepal, rural tourism, sustainable development. Eligibility for assistance programs will depend on. A tourism plan to alleviate rural poverty in nepal in this paper, efforts undertaken through trpap tourism for rural poverty alleviation program are discussed.
Rural tourism is one of the opportunities that rural communities might consider to improve productivity and incomes. A 1st year, 2nd year and final year notes from below provided links. Any forms of tourism that showcases the rural life, art, culture, and heritage at rural locations, thereby benefiting the local community economically and socially as well as enabling interaction between the tourists and the locals for a more enriching tourism experience can be termed as rural tourism a variety of terms are employed to describe tourism. Gartner 1 university of minnesota usa 1 this paper was presented as part of the presidential symposium at the 2004 annual meetings of the midcontinent regional scie nce asso ciation. Customs and traditions differ from one part of nepal to another. The main objective of this thesis is to cover the rural tourism sector of nepal and its potentiality. Rural tourism is an opportunity for rural development. After the shahs of gorkha forged nepal out of numerous petty kingdoms in the 18th century.
Nepal is also a member of the nonaligned movement and the bay of bengal initiative. Tourism in nepal ministry of foreign affairs nepal mofa. Nepal was closed to foreigners under the autocratic rana regime until 1951. The history of nepal is intertwined with the history of the broader indian subcontinent and the surrounding regions, comprising the areas of south asia and east asia. Nepali culture represents a fusion of indoaryan and tibetomongolian influences, the result of a long history of migration, conquest, and trade. A trekkers paradise, nepal combines himalayan views, golden temples, charming hill villages and jungle wildlife watching to offer one of the worlds great travel destinations. With the right awareness and marketing approach, nepals rural tourism can take a step forward in the right direction. Although the history of rural tourism in nepal is very young, there are success stories which are inspirational. For more information about nepjol and how to join the service, see the about page. The most spoken language of nepal is nepali followed by several other ethnic languages. It is a landlocked country located between india to the east, south, and west and the tibet autonomous region of china to the north. Landlocked, lacking substantial resources for economic development, and hampered by an inadequate transportation network, nepal is one of the least developed nations in the world. Nepal is an ecological dreamland, rich in biodiversity the hills of nepal are home to a diverse array of ethnic groups. Naturally, the political turmoil has led the countrys economy to suffer even more.
In 1850, junga bahadur rana visited egypt, britain, france and religious places of india dedenial wright 1877 visited nepal and wrote the book of history of nepal bir shumsher changed foreign policy during this period that facilitated gorkha army recruitment in 1905, chandra shumsher invited prince wales for. Urbanisation and urban growth in nepal 3 government and donor documents provide pointers for potential future trends in urban governance. After the shahs of gorkha forged nepal out of numerous petty kingdoms in the 18th century, lo became a dependency but kept its hereditary rulers. This represents a window of opportunity for the country to further reduce poverty, increase the income of the bottom 40 percent, and pursue its ambitious agenda of inclusive growth and accountable service delivery. Lo manthang was the walled capital of the kingdom of lo from its founding in 80 by ame pal who oversaw construction of the city wall and many of the stillstanding structures.258 1490 1045 431 1428 1202 1305 873 689 1256 79 671 760 3 804 102 1240 763 133 1250 743 531 732 682 1302 696 1136 166 1038 1094 581 606 1499 741 375